up! 2011-2016

The Volkswagen up!

The up! is Volkswagen’s highly successful compact city car that blends pure design with maximum space on a minimal footprint.

The up! was unveiled as a concept at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2007, and it then underwent an intensive development programme before it was launched in the same city in 2011.  Deliveries began in the United Kingdom in March 2012.

A revised up! was launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2016.  This new up! will be available in the United Kingdom in late summer 2016, and includes newly designed body panels, new colours, new wheels, new individualisation options, new equipment, a completely redesigned interior and a new infotainment system.

A turbocharged direct petrol injection (TSI) engine will be introduced to the range when the updated up! goes on sale.  The new 1.0-litre three-cylinder engine is good for 90 PS.

The electric e-up! went on sale in Europe in December 2013.  Depending on driving style, charge level and ambient conditions, the e-up! has a range of up to 100 miles. 

The up! has been one of Europe’s most successful small cars since its launch.  In countries such as Germany and the Netherlands it is the number one in its segment.  However, the up! has also enjoyed great success outside Europe, with strong performance in markets such as Brazil, Japan and South Africa.  In the United Kingdom, 16,904 up!s were sold in 2015.

The original up!’s dimensions are key to its city car status.  At 3,540 mm in length, 1,641 mm in width and 1,489 mm in height, the up! is one of the smallest four-seater cars available.  Its overall length consists of short body overhangs and a long wheelbase of 2,420 mm.  Thanks to these dimensions the turning circle of the up! is an unusually compact 9.8 metres.

Use of space inside the car is exceptionally good, with room for four adults.  This is due to the wheelbase, which is one of the longest in the segment, combined with an engine that is mounted well forwards.  The 251-litre boot is also significantly larger than is typical in this class.  When the rear seat is fully folded, cargo space increases to 951 litres.

Powering the up! is a generation three-cylinder petrol engines, with outputs of 60 and 75 PS.  Combined fuel consumption for the 60 PS BlueMotion Technology (BMT) model is 68.9 mpg with CO? emissions of 95 g/km; even the more powerful 75 PS BMT unit stays under 100 g with just 98 g/km.  Customers opting for the Move up! and High up! models can specify these BMT versions, which include additional equipment designed to optimise fuel efficiency and emissions.

There are three base specifications: Take up!, Move up! and High up! These are offered alongside three special editions based on the High up!  and badged Club up!, Street up! and Rock up!  These come with enhanced trim and specification. A special edition Look up! model (based on the Move up!) is also available.

Coinciding with the market launch of the new up!, Volkswagen is offering a new equipment version: the up! Beats. This is a car whose overall concept is defined by sound because it comes with a 300 W sound system – from the American audio specialists BeatsAudio™ as standard. In this case, smartphone integration also comes as standard.

All models have a raft of safety features including ABS and four airbags, while all except Take up! also have standard ESP.  An important new safety technology in the up! is the optional award-winning City Emergency Braking system which at speeds of under 19 mph detects the risk of an impending collision and can reduce accident severity by initiating automatic brake interventions that can even avoid a crash.  The up! is one of only a few vehicles in the segment to be offered with this function.

Another innovation for the up! is the ‘Maps & More’ mobile Personal Infotainment Device (PID).  This is an economically priced system, developed to organise navigation, telephone, information and entertainment, and was designed in cooperation with Navigon.  The user simply snaps the PID into place above the centre console.  Unlike other similar systems, Maps & More melds with the car’s network of systems effectively to control navigation, telephone and infotainment, as well as to view vehicle information.  Apps specially developed for the up! also let users extend Maps & More to meet their specific needs.

SUMMARY

  • Entirely new design styled by Walter de Silva (Group) and Klaus Bischoff (Brand), and based on new platform. Built at Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Dimensions: 3,540 mm long, 1,641 mm wide without door mirrors, 1,910 mm wide with door mirrors, 1,489 mm tall, 2,420 mm wheelbase, 585 mm front overhang, 535 mm rear overhang. Boot is 251 litres, 951 litres with the rear seats folded
  • There are three base specifications: Take up!, Move up! and High up!
  • Three special editions based on the High up! are also currently available, the Club up!, Street up! and Rock up! These come with enhanced trim and specification. A special edition Look up! model based on the Move up! joined the range in February 2016
  • up! uses a new generation of 999 cc three-cylinder petrol engines, with outputs of 60 PS and 75 PS. Both are offered optionally as BlueMotion Technology variants with modifications that enhance economy and reduce emissions. A full electric version, the e-up! was launched in 2013
  • First in class is a City Emergency Braking system which is active at speeds of less than 19 mph. Uses a laser to detect the risk of impending collision, and can apply braking automatically
  • Originally available as a three-door only, a five-door model joined the range in July 2012. A five-speed automated manual gearbox was added in October 2012
  • ‘Maps & More’ organises navigation, telephone, information and entertainment functions, as well as providing vehicle instrumentation and operating instructions. Designed with Navigon, it is removable and can also be used independently of the vehicle. Apps developed for the up! let users extend Maps & More to meet their needs
  • A full-size spare wheel is available as a low cost option
  • Cd: 0.32; Cd x A = 0.67. Fuel tank: 35 litres. Torsional rigidity: 19,800 Nm/degree
  • Torque of 95 Nm (70 lbs ft) from 3,000-4,300 rpm on both 60 PS and 75 PS
  • Weight of Take up! 60 PS is a low 929 kg (EU kerb weight)
  • up! is front-engined and front-wheel drive
  • Front suspension: strut-type with wishbones. Rear: semi-independent. Sports suspension is optional (lowered by 15 mm)
  • Options are kept simple and divided into packs:
    o Sensor pack: parking sensors, cruise control, multifunction computer
    o Driver’s assistance pack: City Emergency Braking, passenger airbag deactivation switch (plus ESP on Take up!)
    o Comfort pack: remote central locking, electric front windows, height adjustable driver’s seat
    o Winter pack: front fog lights, heated front seats, electrically heated and adjustable mirrors
    o Sports pack: 16-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension and tinted glass from the B-pillar
    o Sound pack: four additional speakers (two front, two rear)
    o Leather-look pack: leather-look seats, leather-covered steering wheel, gear lever and handbrake, plus carpet mats


Market information

The up! competes in the city car (or AOO) class, a rival to such vehicles as the Toyota Aygo, Citroën C1, Peugeot 107, Fiat 500 and Ford Ka. This sector accounts for around one in every 10 cars purchased in the UK – a figure which is set to rise over the coming years.

Production

The up! is built at Volkswagen’s Bratislava plant in Slovakia.  Volkswagen Slovakia produces cars, gearboxes and components at its two plants in Bratislava and Martin. 

Both vehicles and gearboxes are produced at Bratislava.  In addition to the up! and other small Volkswagen Group city cars, the production portfolio includes the Volkswagen Touareg, Audi Q7 and Škoda Octavia, as well as the car bodies for the Porsche Cayenne.  Martin is a component plant.

Volkswagen Slovakia is one of the country’s major exporters, with vehicles made there shipped mainly to other EU countries and China.  It is also one of the country’s largest employers: in 2015, some 9,763 people were employed by Volkswagen Slovakia.

History

Volkswagen Bratislava was founded in 1991 as a joint venture between Bratislavské Automobilové Závody, a.s. and Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. In the same year the production of the Passat Estate was launched there. Golf production and gearbox assembly started in 1994 and Volkswagen Slovakia became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group. After the legal status of the company changed on January 1, 1999, the Company changed its name to Volkswagen Slovakia and production grew steadily. In 1998, the company celebrated its 100,000th vehicle; in 2000 the number grew to 500,000. In the same year, the component production plant for the Volkswagen, Audi and Škoda models was opened in Martin. Operation of the Košice plant started in 2004. In October 2005 the production of the new Audi Q7 started and in November 2005 mass production of this vehicle was launched. In 2007 the two millionth vehicle, a Touareg 3.0-litre V6 TDI, was celebrated.

In 2008 Volkswagen Slovakia was awarded a special prize by the Minister of the Environment, underlining the company’s contribution to environmental protection and the striving for continuous innovation in Slovakia.

DESIGN

At 3,540 mm in length and 1,641 in width, the up! is one of the smallest four-seater cars available.  Its overall length consists of remarkably short body overhangs and a very long wheelbase (2,420 mm) – a body layout that fully utilises the available space.  It has a turning circle of 9.82 metres.

Dimensions of the up!

 

  up!                                  

Polo                        

length, mm

3540

3970

width, w/out door mirrors, mm

1641

1682

height, mm

1489

1462

wheelbase, mm

2420

2470

front track, mm

1428

1463

rear track, mm

1424

1456

Luggage capacity, litres,       seats up

251

280

                                  seats down

951

952

The up! was designed by a team led by former Volkswagen Group Head of Design, Walter de Silva, and Volkswagen Brand Design Chief, Klaus Bischoff.  In commenting on the concept for the up!’s design, Bischoff says: “The perfect layout of a small compact car is based on a box with a wheel at each corner.  The up! is one of the very few which comes close to doing this.  It is not just the relationship between the wheelbase and the overhangs which is important, but also that of the vehicle’s width and track.  From any angle the wheels must be positioned as far to the outside of the vehicle as possible, so as to make the compact body stable and reliable on the road.  It is therefore the objective, without further design and detailing, to lend a unique and solid appearance to the car.  The shape must be right, even before important elements like the front design or the side window graphics establish the character of the model.”

Exterior design

Viewed from the front, the up! appears to smile, due to the prominent lines of the bumper.  And it is intentionally smiling, according to de Silva, having been designed to incorporate the elements of both ‘simplicity and sympathy’.  He explains: “Sympathy is part of the up! concept.  It combines the friendliness of the Beetle with the rational perfection of the Golf.”

Integrated in its friendly face is the Volkswagen logo, the only chrome element at the front end.  The up! can make do without large air cooling intakes due to its small petrol and natural gas engines and electric motor.  The headlights are significantly smaller than those of other Volkswagens, yet they are visually very prominent.  Bischoff comments: “The front-end designs – from the up! to the Phaeton – all follow the same styling guidelines.  The models are unified by such style elements as a strict emphasis of horizontal lines, joining of the grille and headlights and the conciseness of short angles.  And yet, despite their clear brand affinities all Volkswagens are differentiated from one another.  Crucial here are the differences in the proportions of the individual components.  This leads to highly individual vehicles that span the model range from the congenial up! to the sophisticated Passat.”

In side profile, the significant flares of surfaces and alternation of convex and concave forms define the car’s styling.  A slight concave groove above the side sill creates an accent in the continuous surface, but the side profile does not show any seams or edges except for the wheel housings and the look of the side windows.  The wheel housings are prominent and their lateral surfaces – the so-called wheel mirrors – are very large, making the diameters of the small wheels (14 to 16 inch) appear even larger.

The design of the windows gives the up! an unmistakable look as well.  A short angle in front creates a formal connection between the lower-lying window edge and the bonnet.  A long ascending line in the rear third of the vehicle matches that formed by the rear wheel and the C-pillar.  This interplay of lines reinforces the image of the C-pillar being supported by the rear wheel, a characteristic which – in interaction with the long wheelbase and short overhangs – underscores the crisp proportions of the up!.  Over the short, steeply-rising bonnet, there is another line that leads over the windscreen and roof to the rear.  There, the car’s silhouette first follows the side windows then finishes in a near vertical curve down to the bumper.

The up! has a large bootlid, which extends right down to the bumper.  This so-called hybrid bootlid consists of three basic layers.  Its outer skin consists of a transparent glass element.  The bootlid forms an integral unit with the vertically oriented rear lights.  In detail, the bootlid is constructed of a load-bearing framework upon which a second sheet-metal layer is laser-welded in place with the integrated trailing edge of the roof.  The outer third layer of the bootlid is the glass element that is joined by adhesive.  It extends down from the trailing edge of the roof over the entire bootlid and incorporates the rear window as well as the lower area of the lid.  The border around the rear window and the lower section are coated in black from the inside.  Forming a contrast to the black are the chrome surfaces of the Volkswagen logo and the up! badge.  The bootlid is opened by pressing a button in the handle beneath the Volkswagen logo.

Although they look like a part of the bootlid, the large tail-lights of the up! are actually joined to the body.  Their red surfaces are very distinctive, especially in their interplay with the white C-shaped elements.  The lower third of the rear section is dominated by the bumper with its wide licence-plate panel and surrounding seam.  The front and rear bumpers are painted in body colour as standard.

Aerodynamics

With a Cd value of 0.32, the up! achieves exemplary aerodynamic performance for its class, and this results in improved refinement thanks to reduced wind noise as well as lower fuel consumption.

At Volkswagen, the first steps in refining a car’s aerodynamics are made in a very early phase of the project using a simulation process known as CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics).  Because of its cost and time advantages, this process has since replaced evaluation and optimisation with real 1:4 scale models.  An important aspect of the CFD process is its ability to represent very realistically the vehicle’s details digitally.  Step by step, this method optimises a car’s aerodynamics on the computer.  Not until this process has been fully exploited are wind tunnel measurements conducted on a real full-scale aerodynamic model at a suitably mature development level.  At this stage, the aerodynamic model is covered with an exterior skin of clay, enabling quick changes to be made to the vehicle’s shape.  In addition, the 1:1 model already has realistic shapes of engine compartment and underbody structures and in turn, this enables quick optimisation of parts that are very important to aerodynamics such as the front and rear spoilers and underbody panels.  The designs of aerodynamically relevant add-on parts are then finalised based on measurements from the first prototypes.

In establishing the up!’s aerodynamics, special attention was given to attaining a minimal front overhang.  With this goal in mind, the sides of the front section of the up! were shaped so that the air would flow around the wheel housings with minimal turbulence.  In attempting to reduce every possible gram of CO2 emissions, the position and size of the front spoiler was also optimised progressively; in the final design, another 1.1 g/km CO2was saved which may seem insignificant but all adds to the final figures.  At the same time, the final front spoiler design reduces front and rear aerodynamic lift coefficients of the up!, resulting in even safer driving characteristics.

The design of the rear section also has a crucial effect on the car’s aerodynamic performance.  Intensive fine tuning of the aerodynamics of the up! has resulted in contours that both preserve styling targets and achieve defined flow separation, including in the side panels at the rear.  In the process, the rear spoiler contour was tuned to the design of the lateral trailing edges.  The sum of all of these measures yields the Cd value of 0.32 mentioned previously.  In conjunction with the vehicle’s frontal area of A = 2.07 m2 the total aerodynamic drag of the up! is a very good 0.67 m2.

Structural design

In order to design a car which is structurally safe and yet achieves a low overall weight, it is imperative to use the most innovative manufacturing technologies.  For this reason, the body materials of the up! consist of 8.1 per cent ‘hot-formed’ steel content, meaning the parts exhibit extreme toughness (including the floor and B-pillars); the car’s body weight was reduced by 13 kg just due to the use of hot-formed steel.  Moreover, by consistently downsizing engine technology, using high-strength steel and relentlessly removing every superfluous gram, developers succeeded in reducing the weight of the up! by 140 kg or 13 per cent to 929 kg compared to its immediate predecessor (the Volkswagen Fox) – and that is a significant difference.

In the area of the front side members, sills and side roof frame, so-called dual-phase steels are used which, together with hot-formed steel panels, create the basic structure for the safety occupant cell.  The up! also sets top values in the segment with its 39.3 per cent share of ultra-high-strength steels and 17.2 per cent share of high-strength steels.  Only 24.9 per cent of the weight of the body structure consists of conventional deep-drawing steels, which are used for visual parts that are very challenging to manufacture, such as exterior parts of the side body or rear wheel housings.

The result is an especially rigid body structure which exhibits comfort levels expected in the next vehicle class in the areas of acoustic and vibration behaviour.  This is attributable to the layout of nodes and load transmission points, in other words, the available installation spaces are optimally utilised by means of a three-shell body structure, so that the occupant cell is surrounded by sturdy, computationally optimised profiles.

Despite challenging requirements for body rigidity and crash properties, the car’s lightweight index – a measure of the efficiency of weight utilisation – was improved by 34 per cent compared to the Lupo.  At launch, the up! also set standards in its class with its static torsional rigidity of 19,800 Nm/degree which is important as high torsional rigidity has a definite positive effect on comfort and handling properties.  In parallel, the dynamic rigidity of the up! is also excellent at 49 Hz – and this benefits acoustics, vibration and driving comfort.  In its smallest model, Volkswagen has clearly not compromised on safety, quality or comfort.

Interior design

One only has to sit inside the up! for a short time to realise that use of space is exceptionally good, and this is because of its wheelbase – one of the longest in the segment – together with a compact engine mounted well forward and a new running gear design.  Although the up! is a small car, for its driver and three passengers it is by no means cramped.

The newly developed modular seats – which serve as the basis for a wide range of seat variants for specific up! versions – offer very good driving comfort.  The front seats of the up! are 15 per cent lighter than those of comparable concepts.  The head restraints for the driver and front passenger are firmly attached to the seats, meaning that, regardless of a person’s stature, they always fit properly.  In the rear, fixed head restraints are less desirable, because they could restrict rear visibility.

The up! team placed great emphasis on good ergonomics.  The up! really is perceptibly more comfortable, because its occupants do not sit too low, and it offers ample leg support and knee room.  Detailed refinements characterise the entire interior.  Compared to the Lupo, for example, Volkswagen enigneers positioned the steering column and steering wheel higher, but we designed the angle to the driver to be somewhat more horizontal.  This has clearly improved the car’s ergonomics.

The car’s interior dimensions support these assertions; headroom in front is an impressive 993 mm, and 947 mm in the rear.  The seats are positioned at a good height both front and back; for the driver and front passenger, the so-called H-point – the vertex where the seat and seatback meet – is at a height of 306 mm; in the rear the H-point is at 378 mm.  This somewhat higher seating position for rear passengers affords them a better view over the shoulders of the driver and front passenger.

The up! is also practical, with numerous storage compartments and a high level of attention to detail in its interior design.  Along with a large storage bin in the centre console and the glovebox, there are storage surfaces and bottle holders (up to 1.0 litre bottles) in the two doors, three cupholders in the rear (three-door model) and two bag hooks plus a variable cargo floor in the boot (from Move up!).  The glove compartment is equipped with a holder for pens and pencils, a notepad and coins; there is also a compartment for glasses; and the coat hook was integrated in the B-pillar in such a way that it is visible through the window from outside, and so it can be easily found.

There are three central elements to the instruments and user interfaces: the instrument cluster in front of the driver; the switch module in the middle of the vehicle with radio-CD and heater / air conditioning controls; and the detachable Maps & More infotainment and navigation unit (optional on Take up! and Move up!, standard on High up!).

The instrument cluster consists of one or three (from Move up!) analogue instruments and one digital display.  In the Move up! and High up!, for example, the largest of the three round analogue instruments is the speedometer in the centre with the integrated digital multifunction display that is an optional feature.  The multifunction display also shows information relating to City Emergency Braking and the Stop/Start system.  To the left of the speedometer there is the tachometer, and to its right the fuel gauge.

Controls for the ventilation or air conditioning system, radio-CD system, hazard indicator lights, seat heating and rear window defrost, as well as the switch for deactivating the Stop/Start system, are all located in the central dashboard module between the driver and front passenger.  The entire unit is located up high – so that it is easy to see and use – and it is painted in gloss black.  It’s interesting to note that every up! is fitted with its ‘own’ individual wiring harness with its electrical system pre-configured for the features fitted, thereby reducing the cost and weight of installing unnecessary cables.

The interior of the up! is not only designed to be functional, stylish and simple, it is also intended to offer fun and a high level of quality.  Especially high-end is the dash pad, the design panel in front of the driver and front passenger which, depending on the equipment line, is either finished in grained Cornsilk Beige or painted black, or in body colour (High up!).  While the upper section of the dashboard is always anthracite, buyers of the Move up! and High up! can order the lower dashboard section in a Cornsilk Beige, in which case the centre console, door inserts and side trim panels are also finished in this colour.

At 251 litres, the boot sets a best-in-class value for cargo capacity; and when the seatback of the rear bench is completely folded down, the up! can handle 951 litres of cargo and on a nearly flat cargo surface.  The boot itself is upholstered with carpet, and so is the cargo area cover, which opens wide and can be quickly removed if necessary.  A variable cargo floor that can be adjusted to two different levels is standard from the Move up!.  When the rear bench seat is folded down, the upper cargo floor position creates a nearly level cargo surface, and small objects can also be stowed beneath the cargo floor in this position.  The lower cargo floor position is used if especially large and bulky objects need to be stowed in the boot.

ENGINES

Making its debut in the up! was a new generation of one-litre three-cylinder, 12-valve petrol engines, known internally as EA211.  Although the 82 mm cylinder spacing is shared with Volkswagen’s popular EA111 engine series, these are completely new engine designs.  These 999 cm3 engines are available with power outputs of 60 and 75 PS and fulfil the Euro 5 emissions standard.  A BlueMotion Technology version, with features such as a Stop/Start system, battery regeneration, low-friction ancillary engine component drives and tyres optimised for low rolling resistance, is also offered with both power outputs, producing lower fuel consumption and emissions values.  All engines are available with a standard five-speed manual gearbox; in October 2012, a new five-speed automated manual transmission joined the range.  (An EcoFuel version of the engine which is powered by compact natural gas is on sale in mainland Europe but is not available in the UK.)

The petrol engines which power the up! are all produced from aluminium, are as compact as they are lightweight, and were systematically designed to minimise internal friction.  The two overhead camshafts are driven by toothed belts; the intake camshaft is variable which further reduces emissions and fuel consumption and improves the power curve in the lower rev range.  The valves are activated by cam followers, again with very low friction.  The engine’s dual-circuit cooling system and integrated water-cooled exhaust manifold ensure short engine warm-up times, resulting in optimal engine temperatures for quick starts.  Each cylinder is equipped with a separate ignition coil.

All of the internal combustion engines in the up! have bore / stroke dimensions of 74.5 / 76.4 mm.  The compression ratio of the petrol engines is 10.5:1, and engine control is performed by a Bosch Motronic unit, type ME 17.5.20.

The three-cylinder engines of the up! each have an aluminium crankcase that is die-cast in ‘open deck’ construction.  To reduce weight here, most of the mounting points for ancillary components are located directly on the crankcase, eliminating the need for an otherwise usual ancillary drive bracket.  The grey cast iron cylinder liners enable reliable engine operation with all types of petrol.

In laying out the crankshaft drive, engineers were able to reduce further moving mass compared to the company’s other three-cylinder engines, thereby minimising friction in the system.  The downward-guided connecting rods and the pistons are weight-optimised to such an extent that the balancer shafts that are otherwise usual in three-cylinder engines could be eliminated – while maintaining the same comfort levels.  Engine weight and drive friction – and therefore fuel consumption – were further reduced by the small main and connecting rod bearings.  Six crankshaft counterweights are used to reduce internal forces and therefore the load on the main bearing.  This also enhances the durability of the engine for exceptionally long life.

The cylinder head of the up! with four valves per cylinder is cast from an aluminium alloy.  The valves suspended at the tops of the combustion chambers are laid out at angles of 21 degrees (intake) and 22.4 degrees (exhaust), and as noted they are activated by cam followers.  The valve stems have a diameter of 5 mm.  The cylinder head has an integrated exhaust manifold, because, as mentioned previously, the engines reach their optimal operating temperature faster with this technical layout.  The engine coolant is heated faster during the cold start phase, because the exhaust channels within the head merge at a central flange.  In normal operation, on the other hand, the exhaust gas stream is cooled more intensively, and the engines can be operated at an optimal fuel-to-air ratio of λ=1.  Once again, the benefits are reduced emission and fuel consumption values.

The topic of weight reduction runs like a common thread throughout the engine area, all the way to the engine’s swivel mounts: the solution implemented in the up! with its rubber-metal elements not only provides for very good isolation of the body from vibrations of the three-cylinder engine; it is also the lightest in the competitive field. 

Other examples of damping and weight-optimisation include engineering sufficient installation space in the area of the engine bulkhead for the usual, relatively expensive firewall insulation, but instead of the usual moulded part, a more economical and very lightweight stamped part is used.  Good sound insulation of the interior is enabled by special tuning of structural damping as it interacts with other acoustic elements.  The up! development team also focused on systematic sealing of the body to minimise entry of undesirable noises into the passenger compartment, and this also reduced the need for sound-absorbing materials.

1.0-litre, 999 cc, 12-valve 3-cyl, 60 PS

From its small 999 cc capacity, the entry-level up! develops peak power of 60 PS at 5,000 to 6,000 rpm, and maximum torque of 95 Nm (70 lbs ft) from 3,000 to 4,300 rpm.  Ninety per cent of maximum torque is reached between 2,000 and 6,000 rpm, ensuring agile performance.  Standstill to 62 mph takes 14.4 seconds and top speed is 99 mph.  This engine returns a combined 62.8 mpg while emitting 105 g/km of carbon dioxide.

The 60 PS version is also available in Move up! and High up! trims with BlueMotion Technology modifications.  The addition of features including Stop/Start and battery regeneration systems as well as low rolling resistance tyres (see following page for more details) and low-friction ancillary engine component drives means an improvement in fuel economy of nearly 10 per cent.  This engine has an official combined fuel consumption value of 68.9 mpg and CO2 emissions of 95 g/km.  Top speed is also enhanced a fraction to 100 mph.

With a 35 litre fuel tank, this means the BlueMotion Technology version of the up! has a theoretical range of 530 miles.

1.0-litre, 999 cc, 12-valve 3-cyl, 75 PS

The highest powered up! produces 75 PS at 6,200 rpm and, like the 60 PS version, 95 Nm (70 lbs ft) of torque from 3,000 to 4,300 rpm.  The sprint from zero to 62 mph takes just over a second less at 13.2 seconds, with a top speed of 106 mph.

Fuel economy is still frugal with a combined economy of 60.1 mpg and carbon dioxide emissions of 108 g/km.

A BlueMotion Technology version of this higher powered unit is also available.  In this case, combined economy is enhanced considerably to 67.3 mpg and CO2 emissions to below the important 100 g barrier at 98 g/km.

e-up!

The e-up! has a compact AC electric motor which produces 60 kW / 82 PS and 210 Nm of torque; this is linked to the front wheels via a single-speed gearbox.  Power comes from a lithium-ion battery pack which consists of 204 cells, together rated at 374 volts and 18.7 kWh.  This weighs 230 kg and contributes to the e-up!’s overall weight of 1,139 kg (compared to 929-940 kg for the standard car).

BlueMotion Technology

BlueMotion Technology models are a range of vehicles developed by Volkswagen that strike a balance between the highly focused BlueMotion vehicles (in Polo, Golf and Passat ranges) and the conventional products on which they are based.  The range, carrying ‘BlueMotion Technology’ badging, combines efficiency with comfort and equipment to create vehicles that deliver greater economy and produce fewer emissions yet remain practical and stylish as well as conventional to drive, service and maintain.

The breadth of BlueMotion Technology modifications varies from range to range.  In the up! it incorporates low rolling resistance tyres and low-friction ancillary engine component drives, as well as Stop/Start and battery regeneration systems.

The battery regeneration system is designed to help utilise energy that would otherwise be lost during braking.  In deceleration and braking phases, the alternator’s voltage is boosted and used for bulk recharging of the car’s battery.  Thanks to alternator control, it is possible to lower alternator voltage, for example during deceleration or driving at constant speed.  It is even possible to switch off the alternator entirely which reduces engine load and improves fuel consumption.

In addition, BlueMotion Technology models have an additional battery data module (to acquire momentary charge status), a heavy-duty starter, a DC/DC converter (guarantees voltage stability of the onboard electrical system) and a battery with excellent deep cycle performance.

The automatic Stop/Start system in the up! is operated through the clutch pedal.  When coming to a halt at traffic lights, for example, the driver depresses the clutch and selects neutral.  When the clutch is released, the engine shuts down and a ‘Start/Stop’ symbol illuminates on the multifunction display.  In order to move away, the driver simply depresses the clutch once again to select first gear and the engine restarts automatically.  The system can be deactivated through a switch, if necessary.  The Stop/Start system reduces fuel consumption by up to six per cent in city driving.

RUNNING GEAR

The up! is front engined and front-wheel drive, and uses a running gear which was designed from scratch for the up!.  Its very short overhangs on the front and rear axles as well as a long wheelbase and stiff body structure form the basis for good vehicle dynamics and chassis set-up.

At the front is a strut-type suspension with wishbones.  A key component here is the subframe to which the single-shell transverse link is joined and which absorbs forces of the stabiliser that is joined directly to the strut tower, as well as the steering unit and the swivel mount of the engine bearing.  The lightweight but very rigid subframe is produced from a high-strength steel that is only 1.8 mm thick. 

The concept of a torsion beam chassis was chosen for the rear axle, where the semi-independent suspension also exhibits low weight and compact construction.  The up! will also be available with the option of sports suspension which will see the car equipped with stiffer spring-damper tuning and riding 15 mm lower.

Electro-mechanical power steering
Like a number of other Volkswagen models, all versions of the up! are equipped with electro-mechanical power assisted steering which is able to vary the feel of the steering wheel to suit the speed and driving situation: firm and direct when driving hard, effortless at parking speeds. 

In the case of the up!, the parameters are the selected degree of active self-centring to the middle position and steering comfort as well as a feeling of safety.  The important self-centring characteristic, even over the slightest of steering angles, and speed-dependent build-up of steering torque convey a sense of very high precision to the driver.  From lock to lock, there are exactly 2.9 steering wheel turns in the up!.

Braking system
At the front, the up! is equipped with newly developed, ventilated 14-inch disc brakes.  Compared to the brake discs of this size used by the company to date, Volkswagen was able to reduce their weight (per vehicle) by 1.5 kg, thus saving additional fuel.  The reduction in unsprung mass has a positive effect on driving comfort as well.

At the rear, Volkswagen implements a drum brake derived from that on the Polo, which ideally fits the power range and weight of the up!.  A nine-inch brake servo unit optimises braking power.  One innovative aspect of the system is that the power range of the brakes is subdivided into two ‘maps’.  In the comfort braking range, the focus is on good force metering ability.  But if more powerful braking is required, the second map is activated with a higher servo boost factor which significantly reduces the pedal force required during hard braking.

All up! models are equipped with ABS, while all except the entry-level model also benefit from Volkswagen’s ESC electronic stabilisation programme.

City Emergency Braking

A technical highlight on the up! – as well as a first in this sector – is the option of City Emergency Braking.  Automatically active at speeds below 19 mph, it uses a laser sensor (integrated in the upper area of the windscreen) to scan a space 10 metres in front of the up! and detect the risk of an imminent collision.  If such a collision with a moving or stationary object is imminent without any reaction by the driver, then the brake system is pre-conditioned, and in a second stage the hydraulic brake assistant is switched to a more sensitive mode. 

Depending on the situation, City Emergency Braking might then initiate, as a third stage, automatic hard braking to a stop, or alternatively support the driver with full braking power if current braking force is insufficient.  When maximum risk of collision exists, the up! is braked with a deceleration of 10 m/s2.  Depending on the vehicle’s speed and the driving situation, City Emergency Braking can reduce accident severity by automatic brake interventions – and possibly even avoid a crash.  Nonetheless, the driver still assumes responsibility for the braking process.

If it is deemed necessary, the driver can deactivate the intervention by City Emergency Braking at any time by pressing the accelerator pedal, steering or activating the clutch pedal.  In addition, City Emergency Braking can be shut off entirely by pressing a button in the lower part of the centre console (e.g. for towing or on a dynamometer test stand).  In this case, a related symbol appears in the instrument cluster with the word ‘OFF’ for five seconds to indicate the deactivation; in addition, the indication appears whenever the relevant vehicle speed range of three to 19 mph is reached. 

If City Emergency Braking is defective, the symbol flashes slowly and continually.  When City Emergency Braking is triggered, the symbol intermittently flashes briefly and at a quick interval. 

EQUIPMENT AND TRIM

The up! is available in three core trim levels: Take up!, Move up! and High up!.  In addition, three special edition models are currently available based on the High up! – called the Club up!, Street up! and Rock up!.  Specification highlights for these models are listed below; for full details please see the price list.

Take up! 1.0-litre 60 PS

This model has the following standard features:  

  • ABS anti-lock brakes with Hydraulic Brake Assist
  • driver and front passenger airbags, plus front side head/thorax airbags
  • electronic engine immobiliser
  • front integrated head restraints
  • two rear three-point seatbelts and height-adjustable head restraints
  • warning buzzer for front and rear seats if belt unfastened
  • height adjustable steering wheel
  • internally adjustable door mirrors
  • speed-sensitive power-assisted steering
  • RCD 215 radio/MP3 compatible CD player with two speakers and AUX-in socket for
  • connection to an external media source, eg iPod
  • two rear seats with one-piece folding backrest
  • tyre mobility set and tool kit
  • 12V socket in centre console
  • 5J x 14 steel wheels with 165/70 R14 tyres

Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS

In addition to the features on the Take up! model, the Move up! gains the following:

  • body-coloured door mirrors and handles
  • manual air conditioning
  • driver’s seat height adjustment
  • easy entry sliding seats for easy access to rear seats
  • front electric windows
  • remote central locking
  • split folding rear seat backrest (60:40)
  • variable boot floor

Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS BlueMotion Technology

This model adds:

  • battery regeneration and Stop/Start function
  • 5J x 14 steel wheels with 175/65 R14 low rolling resistance tyres

 

Look up! 1.0-litre 60PS

In addition to the features on the Move up! model, the Look up! gains:

  • 4 x 5½J x 15" ‘Fortaleza’ with 185/55 R15 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • ‘Pure White’, ‘Tornado Red’ or ‘Saturn Yellow’ non-metallic paint
  • Black coloured decals on the door panels
  • ‘Gloss Black’ door mirrors
  • ‘Chess’ cloth upholstery

 

High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

In addition or different to the standard Move up!, this gains:

  • chrome trim and optional body-coloured dashboard panels (certain colour combinations only)
  • leather trimmed three spoke steering wheel, gear knob and handbrake grip
  • electrically heated and adjustable door mirrors
  • front fog lights
  • heated front seats
  • Maps & More system
  • 5½J x 15 ‘Spoke’ alloy wheels with 185/55 R15 tyres and anti-theft bolts

High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS BlueMotion Technology

This model adds:

  • battery regeneration
  • Stop/Start function

Club up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

The special edition Club up! gains the following features over the standard High up!:

  • ‘Triangle’ 16-inch alloy wheels with 185/50 R16 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • ‘Blueberry’ metallic or ‘Deep Black’ pearl effect paint
  • ‘Club’ decals on the door panels
  • Heat insulating rear tinted glass 65% light absorbing from B pillar backwards
  • Silver painted door mirrors
  • Unique ‘Club’ logo on side
  • Black rooflining
  • ‘Blueberry’ or ‘Black Pearl’ upper dashboard
  • Carpet mats, front and rear with carbon border and ‘Orbit Blue’ stitching
  • Unique ‘up!’ door sill protectors
  • Upholstery – ‘Tartan Tonic’ cloth

 

Street up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

The special edition Street up! gains the following features over the High up!:

  • ‘Upsilon’ 16-inch alloy wheels with 185/50 R16 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • Front fog lights with chrome trimmed surround
  • Heat insulating rear tinted glass 65% light absorbing from B pillar backwards
  • ‘Pure White’ non-metallic, ‘Reflex Silver’metallic or ‘Deep Black’ pearl effect paint
  • Silver painted door mirrors
  • ‘Street’ decals on the bonnet, roof and door panels
  • Unique ‘Street’ logo on side
  • Black rooflining
  • Carpet mats, front and rear with yellow stitching
  • Dashboard in exterior body colour
  • Unique ‘up!’ door sill protectors
  • Upholstery – ‘Street’ cloth
  • Yellow stitching on leather trimmed three-spoke steering wheel with ‘up!’ logo insert, gear knob and handbrake grip

Rock up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

The special edition Rock up! gains the following features over the High up!:

  •  ‘Upsilon’ 16-inch alloy wheels with 185/50 R16 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • ‘Anthracite’ decal stripe on bonnet, roof and rear tailgate
  • ‘Gloss Black’ door mirrors
  • Rear diffuser in ‘Gloss Black’
  • ‘Rock up!’ styling pack – uniquely shaped front and rear spoilers, side skirts and rear
  • roof spoiler in ‘Gloss Black’
  • Unique ‘rock up!’ logo on side

TECHNICAL HIGHLIGHTS AND FACTORY-FIT OPTIONS

A number of factory- and retailer-fit options are available for the up! which are largely grouped together in packs to simplify the purchase process.  Another important option – which is standard on High up! and the special editions is Maps & More.  For full details of availability, please see the latest price list.

  • Sensor pack: parking sensors, cruise control, multifunction computer
  • Driver’s assistance pack: City Emergency Braking (see Running Gear section for details), ESC (on Take up! only (standard on all others)), passenger airbag deactivation switch
  • Comfort pack: remote central locking, electric front windows, height adjustable driver’s seat (on Take up! only)
  • Winter pack: front fog lights, heated front seats, electrically heated and adjustable door mirrors
  • Sports pack: 16-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension and tinted glass from the B-pillar backwards 
  • Sound pack: four additional speakers (two front, two rear)
  • Leather -look pack: leather-look seats, leather-covered steering wheel, gear lever and handbrake, plus carpet mats

Maps & More

Completely new for the up!, is Maps & More, a portable multi-functional infotainment system which includes a navigation system, hands-free telephone unit, vehicle information displays and a media player.  Maps & More attaches to a high quality, sturdy bracket above the centre console, which allows it to ‘talk to’ the car’s electronics network. 

Maps & More offers the most systematic form of integration of portable devices being launched on the market today.  And it is also available at a competitive price, which is why it was chosen for the up!.  Designed in conjunction with Navigon – one of the world’s leading suppliers of portable navigation systems – it is not only simple and easy to use but also easy to update with a straightforward software upload.

Available at a low cost (£275) on the Take up! and Move up! (standard on High up) Maps & More works in conjunction with the standard RCD 215 radio-CD system which then enables playback of MP3 files, spoken navigation instructions and telephone conversations to output via the radio system and the car’s loudspeakers.  The customer then has a complete radio-navigation system with voice control, CD/MP3 player, micro-SD card interface (32 GB) for playing back music and images, hands-free telephone unit, multifunctional trip computer with fuel-saving trainer and other applications with a wide range of functions.

The system’s basic functions are organised into four main menus – Vehicle, Navigation, Media and Telephone – each of which is activated from the five-inch colour touchscreen.

Vehicle

This menu is used to display information on the up! and apps including:

  • Information from the trip computer (driving range, fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, vehicle speed, driving time and distance) with digitally generated analogue gauges for the tachometer, engine temperature and outdoor temperature
  • Door monitoring (a visual representation of open doors, if the up! is equipped with central locking)
  • Visual reversing assist (a supplementary visual display of the optional acoustic-based ParkPilot function (if Sensor Pack is also specified))
  • The Notepad function (input of signature via touchscreen), which can be installed from the Navigon Fresh portal
  • The flashlight/light function Highbeam (the headlights of an up! light up in the display), which is also installed via Navigon Fresh
  • The “ThinkBlue. Trainer”
     

ThinkBlue. Trainer

This trainer is designed to help save fuel and makes it easier for the driver to achieve an eco-friendly and anticipatory style of driving.  It monitors and analyses the use of the accelerator pedal, brakes and gear shifting, and it gives tips to drivers on how they might modify their style of driving to reduce fuel consumption.

In the start menu of the “Think Blue. Trainer”, the three functions “Driving”, “Fuel consumption” and “Shifting” are displayed as circular symbols.  These three symbols let the driver know, very quickly, just how eco-friendly the trip is.  The “Driving” symbol, for example, with its integrated silhouette of the up! inside a circle, indicates by the size of the circle how fuel-efficient the driving style has been – the larger the circle, the less fuel-efficient the driving style over the driven time period. 

The “Fuel consumption” symbol shows the average fuel consumption value since the beginning of the current trip.  When the driver touches one of the three symbols on the screen, the related submenu is opened which shows further specific information.  Under the “Driving” menu, tips on driving behaviour are shown; this information can be used straight away to drive in a more eco-friendly way.  The submenu under “Shifting” provides detailed information on the ideal shift point and how well shift recommendations were implemented over recent minutes.  When the “Fuel consumption” submenu is called, a graphic display shows fuel consumption values over the past 30 minutes.

Another useful function is the ability for Maps & More to seek out, in conjunction with the active navigation mode, the next fuel filling station when the tank is low.

Navigation menu

The main function of this menu is a classic navigation system with voice control and TMC.  But Maps & More also incorporates a number of additional functions:

  • When the up! is parked, the ‘My vehicle’ system automatically records the position of the car, so when returning to the vehicle, Maps & More operates as a mobile navigation system to guide the owner back to the parking location.  This is particularly helpful in unfamiliar cities.
  • The system can locate car parks and around two million points of interest.
  • The system can also accept about 500 navigation destinations as personal favourites and show map details in 3D.
  • Those using the up! as a business car will also benefit from the ‘Trip log’ function.
  • Addresses and routes can be imported via Outlook, and different route profiles may be selected.
  • Those who wish to can display their own motifs as a Maps & More screensaver; in this case, the screen also shows the date, time and outside temperature.
  • The ‘Call for help’ command can be used to call emergency services at the nearest control centre (in this case, the display always shows the car’s current position)

 

Media

The combination of Maps & More and the RCD 215 offers a number of options for playing music over the loudspeakers of the up!: the radio, a micro-SD card reader (for cards up to 32 GB) or the CD/MP3 player of the RCD 215.  Photos and videos can also be displayed from an SD card.  Those using an iPod or iPhone can also play back music through the system via Bluetooth.  Additional functions include:

  • In addition to the station name, Maps & More can display the station’s logo (the latest station listing can be downloaded at any time via Navigon Fresh).
  • Just as on many MP3 players, it is also possible to display the album cover of the song currently being played from the SD card.
  • Photos can be presented as a slideshow via Maps & More.
  • Both radio and sound settings can be adjusted quickly and intuitively from the touchscreen under the ‘Media’ menu.

 

Telephone

When used with suitable Bluetooth enabled telephones, Maps & More offers a range of functions equivalent to those of a hands-free unit.  After interfacing with the telephone, the touchscreen displays a keyboard, the entire contacts book of the interfaced device and a directory of recent calls.  The telephone can also be operated by voice control.

SAFETY AND SECURITY

Earlier sections of this press pack have already explained how safety is engineered into the up!.  Its class-leading torsional rigidity and extremely strong body structure ensure it is a safe place to be, while active safety features including ABS, ESP, City Emergency Braking and integrated head restraints complete the package.

In the event of a frontal collision, an Early Crash Sensor – integrated directly behind the front bumper – pre-activates restraint systems in advance of the actual impact.  What happens then is a case for high-speed cameras: within just a few milliseconds, the belt tensioners tighten the fastened seatbelts to involve the driver and front passenger in the vehicle’s deceleration as early as possible.  Belt force limiters reduce chest loads while front airbags restrain movement of the upper body.  The crash-active steering column makes an additional contribution towards safety, further reducing the risk of injury to the driver.  In case of a side impact, the standard head-thorax airbags contribute to protecting the head and upper body of the driver and front passenger.

Child seats in the up! are a safe place for children in the rear seating area thanks to ISOFIX fixtures and top-tether fittings; this system securely fastens the child seats to the car.  With older children, the standard seatbelt status indicator in the multifunction display informs the driver whether rear passengers are correctly strapped in, and there is an acoustic ‘fasten seatbelts’ reminder for the front seats.

It’s important to note, though, that in this Volkswagen not only are the passengers themselves optimally protected, but so too are other traffic participants, with a high emphasis placed on pedestrian protection.  The up! scores well here with such features as its new, compact three-cylinder engines, directly screw-mounted ancillary engine components and very compact gearboxes.  Thanks to the suspended layout of the gearbox mounts next to the side members, it was possible to mount the battery in a very low location – and this low mounting point is essential for good pedestrian protection.  Overall, the deformation space between the bonnet and engine block helps to minimise the risk of injury to pedestrians.  The hinges of the bonnet were also further optimised for this purpose.

 

Euro NCAP test results

Under evaluation by Euro NCAP (European New Car Assessment Programme) the overall packages of occupant, child and pedestrian protection and the safety assistance systems installed in the up! earned the new car a top five star rating.  In addition, the up! received Euro NCAP’s Advanced Award for the car’s innovative City Emergency Braking function, positioning the car ahead of its direct competitors, because no vehicle in its class had at the time earned five stars and the Advanced Award before. 

In occupant protection, the up! attained top results in all seat positions and regardless of the sizes of the driver and front passenger.  Factored into the rating were results of frontal and side impact tests, a pole side impact test and what is known as a whiplash test – which determines loads to the cervical spine of the neck.  The up! also achieved excellent child protection results with dummies representing 18 month and three-year old children.

The up! also attained impressive results in the area of safety equipment.  Here, Euro NCAP rated the seatbelt reminders for all seats and use of a vehicle dynamic control system (ESP) as especially positive. 

After the Golf, Golf Cabriolet, Jetta, Passat, Polo, Scirocco, Sharan and Tiguan, the up! and Beetle were the ninth and tenth vehicles from Volkswagen to earn a top ‘Five Star’ rating from Euro NCAP. 

Line-up with insurance groups

Thanks to its extensive security and safety features, the up! has secured the following insurance group ratings from the ABI (Association of British Insurers).  Group 1 is the lowest (best) possible rating, while the ‘E’ denotes that the vehicle exceeded the Thatcham (ABI) requirements.

 

Take up! 1.0-litre 60 PS                 1E

Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS                1E
Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS BMT*       1E

Look up! 1.0-litre 60 PS                 2E

High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                 2E
High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS BMT*         2E

Club up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                 5E

Street up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                5E
Rock up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                 4E

 

(*BlueMotion Technology)

WARRANTIES

The up! has a three year, 60,000 mile warranty (first and second year with unlimited mileage manufacturer operated, third year retailer operated) mechanical warranty.  In addition, it comes with a class-leading 12 year body protection guarantee, three year paint warranty and a year’s membership of Volkswagen Roadside Assistance which provides vehicle home and roadside recovery in the unlikely event of a breakdown in the UK or Europe.  Further and extended warranty and assistance cover can also be purchased if required.

 

COMMENTS

The up! by its designers and members of the Board of Management

?THE BIG IDEA

Walter de Silva, Head of Design of Volkswagen AG:

The up! embodies a culture in which stature is not simply measured in terms of physical dimensions or power.  The stature of the up! lies in its character: sustainability and authenticity, combined with a very appealing design.

The up! opens up a future for mobility.  Constraints for individual transportation will not become easier. How we handle our natural resources and act responsibly towards our environment will require rethinking by car makers and end users.  Our task here is to offer customers visually attractive options that satisfy these constraints.  The up! is the essence of these ideas. It is a youthful, appealing, sustainable and straightforward car!

?THE DESIGN

Klaus Bischoff, Head of Design of the Volkswagen Brand:

My favourite part of the up! is its front end, its face.  It is unmistakably a genuine Volkswagen, yet it has a very independent personality.  More than any other models, the up! reveals a smile.  The up! is simply appealing and its appeal is simple!

Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg, Member of the BOM, Volkswagen Brand, Development:

At a length of 3.54 metres, the up! is one of the smallest four-seat cars.  Yet, its interior is a giant among small cars!  And that is no wonder: one of the longest wheelbases in the segment together with a compact engine mounted far forward and new running gear designs result in exceptionally good space utilisation.

?THE ENVIRONMENT

Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg:

All of the up! engines are new engineering designs.  Compact and lightweight engines with low internal friction and excellent efficiency.  This is especially apparent in the base version with 60 PS and BlueMotion Technology: its combined fuel consumption of 4.1 litres per 100 km says it all.

?THE TECHNOLOGY

Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg:

In the up! we wanted to offer an infotainment solution that is affordable and could easily be upgraded to the latest level by updates and apps.  That is why Volkswagen joined forces with Navigon to develop Maps & More.  The result is a portable system that melds with the car’s onboard electrical and electronics system.  Maps & More significantly differs from many other mobile systems in this way.

(ends)

JB/0716/

The Volkswagen up!

The up! is Volkswagen’s highly successful compact city car that blends pure design with maximum space on a minimal footprint.

The up! was unveiled as a concept at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2007, and it then underwent an intensive development programme before it was launched in the same city in 2011.  Deliveries began in the United Kingdom in March 2012.

A revised up! was launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2016.  This new up! will be available in the United Kingdom in late summer 2016, and includes newly designed body panels, new colours, new wheels, new individualisation options, new equipment, a completely redesigned interior and a new infotainment system.

A turbocharged direct petrol injection (TSI) engine will be introduced to the range when the updated up! goes on sale.  The new 1.0-litre three-cylinder engine is good for 90 PS.

The electric e-up! went on sale in Europe in December 2013.  Depending on driving style, charge level and ambient conditions, the e-up! has a range of up to 100 miles. 

The up! has been one of Europe’s most successful small cars since its launch.  In countries such as Germany and the Netherlands it is the number one in its segment.  However, the up! has also enjoyed great success outside Europe, with strong performance in markets such as Brazil, Japan and South Africa.  In the United Kingdom, 16,904 up!s were sold in 2015.

The original up!’s dimensions are key to its city car status.  At 3,540 mm in length, 1,641 mm in width and 1,489 mm in height, the up! is one of the smallest four-seater cars available.  Its overall length consists of short body overhangs and a long wheelbase of 2,420 mm.  Thanks to these dimensions the turning circle of the up! is an unusually compact 9.8 metres.

Use of space inside the car is exceptionally good, with room for four adults.  This is due to the wheelbase, which is one of the longest in the segment, combined with an engine that is mounted well forwards.  The 251-litre boot is also significantly larger than is typical in this class.  When the rear seat is fully folded, cargo space increases to 951 litres.

Powering the up! is a generation three-cylinder petrol engines, with outputs of 60 and 75 PS.  Combined fuel consumption for the 60 PS BlueMotion Technology (BMT) model is 68.9 mpg with CO? emissions of 95 g/km; even the more powerful 75 PS BMT unit stays under 100 g with just 98 g/km.  Customers opting for the Move up! and High up! models can specify these BMT versions, which include additional equipment designed to optimise fuel efficiency and emissions.

There are three base specifications: Take up!, Move up! and High up! These are offered alongside three special editions based on the High up!  and badged Club up!, Street up! and Rock up!  These come with enhanced trim and specification. A special edition Look up! model (based on the Move up!) is also available.

Coinciding with the market launch of the new up!, Volkswagen is offering a new equipment version: the up! Beats. This is a car whose overall concept is defined by sound because it comes with a 300 W sound system – from the American audio specialists BeatsAudio™ as standard. In this case, smartphone integration also comes as standard.

All models have a raft of safety features including ABS and four airbags, while all except Take up! also have standard ESP.  An important new safety technology in the up! is the optional award-winning City Emergency Braking system which at speeds of under 19 mph detects the risk of an impending collision and can reduce accident severity by initiating automatic brake interventions that can even avoid a crash.  The up! is one of only a few vehicles in the segment to be offered with this function.

Another innovation for the up! is the ‘Maps & More’ mobile Personal Infotainment Device (PID).  This is an economically priced system, developed to organise navigation, telephone, information and entertainment, and was designed in cooperation with Navigon.  The user simply snaps the PID into place above the centre console.  Unlike other similar systems, Maps & More melds with the car’s network of systems effectively to control navigation, telephone and infotainment, as well as to view vehicle information.  Apps specially developed for the up! also let users extend Maps & More to meet their specific needs.

SUMMARY

  • Entirely new design styled by Walter de Silva (Group) and Klaus Bischoff (Brand), and based on new platform. Built at Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Dimensions: 3,540 mm long, 1,641 mm wide without door mirrors, 1,910 mm wide with door mirrors, 1,489 mm tall, 2,420 mm wheelbase, 585 mm front overhang, 535 mm rear overhang. Boot is 251 litres, 951 litres with the rear seats folded
  • There are three base specifications: Take up!, Move up! and High up!
  • Three special editions based on the High up! are also currently available, the Club up!, Street up! and Rock up! These come with enhanced trim and specification. A special edition Look up! model based on the Move up! joined the range in February 2016
  • up! uses a new generation of 999 cc three-cylinder petrol engines, with outputs of 60 PS and 75 PS. Both are offered optionally as BlueMotion Technology variants with modifications that enhance economy and reduce emissions. A full electric version, the e-up! was launched in 2013
  • First in class is a City Emergency Braking system which is active at speeds of less than 19 mph. Uses a laser to detect the risk of impending collision, and can apply braking automatically
  • Originally available as a three-door only, a five-door model joined the range in July 2012. A five-speed automated manual gearbox was added in October 2012
  • ‘Maps & More’ organises navigation, telephone, information and entertainment functions, as well as providing vehicle instrumentation and operating instructions. Designed with Navigon, it is removable and can also be used independently of the vehicle. Apps developed for the up! let users extend Maps & More to meet their needs
  • A full-size spare wheel is available as a low cost option
  • Cd: 0.32; Cd x A = 0.67. Fuel tank: 35 litres. Torsional rigidity: 19,800 Nm/degree
  • Torque of 95 Nm (70 lbs ft) from 3,000-4,300 rpm on both 60 PS and 75 PS
  • Weight of Take up! 60 PS is a low 929 kg (EU kerb weight)
  • up! is front-engined and front-wheel drive
  • Front suspension: strut-type with wishbones. Rear: semi-independent. Sports suspension is optional (lowered by 15 mm)
  • Options are kept simple and divided into packs:
    o Sensor pack: parking sensors, cruise control, multifunction computer
    o Driver’s assistance pack: City Emergency Braking, passenger airbag deactivation switch (plus ESP on Take up!)
    o Comfort pack: remote central locking, electric front windows, height adjustable driver’s seat
    o Winter pack: front fog lights, heated front seats, electrically heated and adjustable mirrors
    o Sports pack: 16-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension and tinted glass from the B-pillar
    o Sound pack: four additional speakers (two front, two rear)
    o Leather-look pack: leather-look seats, leather-covered steering wheel, gear lever and handbrake, plus carpet mats


Market information

The up! competes in the city car (or AOO) class, a rival to such vehicles as the Toyota Aygo, Citroën C1, Peugeot 107, Fiat 500 and Ford Ka. This sector accounts for around one in every 10 cars purchased in the UK – a figure which is set to rise over the coming years.

Production

The up! is built at Volkswagen’s Bratislava plant in Slovakia.  Volkswagen Slovakia produces cars, gearboxes and components at its two plants in Bratislava and Martin. 

Both vehicles and gearboxes are produced at Bratislava.  In addition to the up! and other small Volkswagen Group city cars, the production portfolio includes the Volkswagen Touareg, Audi Q7 and Škoda Octavia, as well as the car bodies for the Porsche Cayenne.  Martin is a component plant.

Volkswagen Slovakia is one of the country’s major exporters, with vehicles made there shipped mainly to other EU countries and China.  It is also one of the country’s largest employers: in 2015, some 9,763 people were employed by Volkswagen Slovakia.

History

Volkswagen Bratislava was founded in 1991 as a joint venture between Bratislavské Automobilové Závody, a.s. and Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. In the same year the production of the Passat Estate was launched there. Golf production and gearbox assembly started in 1994 and Volkswagen Slovakia became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group. After the legal status of the company changed on January 1, 1999, the Company changed its name to Volkswagen Slovakia and production grew steadily. In 1998, the company celebrated its 100,000th vehicle; in 2000 the number grew to 500,000. In the same year, the component production plant for the Volkswagen, Audi and Škoda models was opened in Martin. Operation of the Košice plant started in 2004. In October 2005 the production of the new Audi Q7 started and in November 2005 mass production of this vehicle was launched. In 2007 the two millionth vehicle, a Touareg 3.0-litre V6 TDI, was celebrated.

In 2008 Volkswagen Slovakia was awarded a special prize by the Minister of the Environment, underlining the company’s contribution to environmental protection and the striving for continuous innovation in Slovakia.

DESIGN

At 3,540 mm in length and 1,641 in width, the up! is one of the smallest four-seater cars available.  Its overall length consists of remarkably short body overhangs and a very long wheelbase (2,420 mm) – a body layout that fully utilises the available space.  It has a turning circle of 9.82 metres.

Dimensions of the up!

 

  up!                                  

Polo                        

length, mm

3540

3970

width, w/out door mirrors, mm

1641

1682

height, mm

1489

1462

wheelbase, mm

2420

2470

front track, mm

1428

1463

rear track, mm

1424

1456

Luggage capacity, litres,       seats up

251

280

                                  seats down

951

952

The up! was designed by a team led by former Volkswagen Group Head of Design, Walter de Silva, and Volkswagen Brand Design Chief, Klaus Bischoff.  In commenting on the concept for the up!’s design, Bischoff says: “The perfect layout of a small compact car is based on a box with a wheel at each corner.  The up! is one of the very few which comes close to doing this.  It is not just the relationship between the wheelbase and the overhangs which is important, but also that of the vehicle’s width and track.  From any angle the wheels must be positioned as far to the outside of the vehicle as possible, so as to make the compact body stable and reliable on the road.  It is therefore the objective, without further design and detailing, to lend a unique and solid appearance to the car.  The shape must be right, even before important elements like the front design or the side window graphics establish the character of the model.”

Exterior design

Viewed from the front, the up! appears to smile, due to the prominent lines of the bumper.  And it is intentionally smiling, according to de Silva, having been designed to incorporate the elements of both ‘simplicity and sympathy’.  He explains: “Sympathy is part of the up! concept.  It combines the friendliness of the Beetle with the rational perfection of the Golf.”

Integrated in its friendly face is the Volkswagen logo, the only chrome element at the front end.  The up! can make do without large air cooling intakes due to its small petrol and natural gas engines and electric motor.  The headlights are significantly smaller than those of other Volkswagens, yet they are visually very prominent.  Bischoff comments: “The front-end designs – from the up! to the Phaeton – all follow the same styling guidelines.  The models are unified by such style elements as a strict emphasis of horizontal lines, joining of the grille and headlights and the conciseness of short angles.  And yet, despite their clear brand affinities all Volkswagens are differentiated from one another.  Crucial here are the differences in the proportions of the individual components.  This leads to highly individual vehicles that span the model range from the congenial up! to the sophisticated Passat.”

In side profile, the significant flares of surfaces and alternation of convex and concave forms define the car’s styling.  A slight concave groove above the side sill creates an accent in the continuous surface, but the side profile does not show any seams or edges except for the wheel housings and the look of the side windows.  The wheel housings are prominent and their lateral surfaces – the so-called wheel mirrors – are very large, making the diameters of the small wheels (14 to 16 inch) appear even larger.

The design of the windows gives the up! an unmistakable look as well.  A short angle in front creates a formal connection between the lower-lying window edge and the bonnet.  A long ascending line in the rear third of the vehicle matches that formed by the rear wheel and the C-pillar.  This interplay of lines reinforces the image of the C-pillar being supported by the rear wheel, a characteristic which – in interaction with the long wheelbase and short overhangs – underscores the crisp proportions of the up!.  Over the short, steeply-rising bonnet, there is another line that leads over the windscreen and roof to the rear.  There, the car’s silhouette first follows the side windows then finishes in a near vertical curve down to the bumper.

The up! has a large bootlid, which extends right down to the bumper.  This so-called hybrid bootlid consists of three basic layers.  Its outer skin consists of a transparent glass element.  The bootlid forms an integral unit with the vertically oriented rear lights.  In detail, the bootlid is constructed of a load-bearing framework upon which a second sheet-metal layer is laser-welded in place with the integrated trailing edge of the roof.  The outer third layer of the bootlid is the glass element that is joined by adhesive.  It extends down from the trailing edge of the roof over the entire bootlid and incorporates the rear window as well as the lower area of the lid.  The border around the rear window and the lower section are coated in black from the inside.  Forming a contrast to the black are the chrome surfaces of the Volkswagen logo and the up! badge.  The bootlid is opened by pressing a button in the handle beneath the Volkswagen logo.

Although they look like a part of the bootlid, the large tail-lights of the up! are actually joined to the body.  Their red surfaces are very distinctive, especially in their interplay with the white C-shaped elements.  The lower third of the rear section is dominated by the bumper with its wide licence-plate panel and surrounding seam.  The front and rear bumpers are painted in body colour as standard.

Aerodynamics

With a Cd value of 0.32, the up! achieves exemplary aerodynamic performance for its class, and this results in improved refinement thanks to reduced wind noise as well as lower fuel consumption.

At Volkswagen, the first steps in refining a car’s aerodynamics are made in a very early phase of the project using a simulation process known as CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics).  Because of its cost and time advantages, this process has since replaced evaluation and optimisation with real 1:4 scale models.  An important aspect of the CFD process is its ability to represent very realistically the vehicle’s details digitally.  Step by step, this method optimises a car’s aerodynamics on the computer.  Not until this process has been fully exploited are wind tunnel measurements conducted on a real full-scale aerodynamic model at a suitably mature development level.  At this stage, the aerodynamic model is covered with an exterior skin of clay, enabling quick changes to be made to the vehicle’s shape.  In addition, the 1:1 model already has realistic shapes of engine compartment and underbody structures and in turn, this enables quick optimisation of parts that are very important to aerodynamics such as the front and rear spoilers and underbody panels.  The designs of aerodynamically relevant add-on parts are then finalised based on measurements from the first prototypes.

In establishing the up!’s aerodynamics, special attention was given to attaining a minimal front overhang.  With this goal in mind, the sides of the front section of the up! were shaped so that the air would flow around the wheel housings with minimal turbulence.  In attempting to reduce every possible gram of CO2 emissions, the position and size of the front spoiler was also optimised progressively; in the final design, another 1.1 g/km CO2was saved which may seem insignificant but all adds to the final figures.  At the same time, the final front spoiler design reduces front and rear aerodynamic lift coefficients of the up!, resulting in even safer driving characteristics.

The design of the rear section also has a crucial effect on the car’s aerodynamic performance.  Intensive fine tuning of the aerodynamics of the up! has resulted in contours that both preserve styling targets and achieve defined flow separation, including in the side panels at the rear.  In the process, the rear spoiler contour was tuned to the design of the lateral trailing edges.  The sum of all of these measures yields the Cd value of 0.32 mentioned previously.  In conjunction with the vehicle’s frontal area of A = 2.07 m2 the total aerodynamic drag of the up! is a very good 0.67 m2.

Structural design

In order to design a car which is structurally safe and yet achieves a low overall weight, it is imperative to use the most innovative manufacturing technologies.  For this reason, the body materials of the up! consist of 8.1 per cent ‘hot-formed’ steel content, meaning the parts exhibit extreme toughness (including the floor and B-pillars); the car’s body weight was reduced by 13 kg just due to the use of hot-formed steel.  Moreover, by consistently downsizing engine technology, using high-strength steel and relentlessly removing every superfluous gram, developers succeeded in reducing the weight of the up! by 140 kg or 13 per cent to 929 kg compared to its immediate predecessor (the Volkswagen Fox) – and that is a significant difference.

In the area of the front side members, sills and side roof frame, so-called dual-phase steels are used which, together with hot-formed steel panels, create the basic structure for the safety occupant cell.  The up! also sets top values in the segment with its 39.3 per cent share of ultra-high-strength steels and 17.2 per cent share of high-strength steels.  Only 24.9 per cent of the weight of the body structure consists of conventional deep-drawing steels, which are used for visual parts that are very challenging to manufacture, such as exterior parts of the side body or rear wheel housings.

The result is an especially rigid body structure which exhibits comfort levels expected in the next vehicle class in the areas of acoustic and vibration behaviour.  This is attributable to the layout of nodes and load transmission points, in other words, the available installation spaces are optimally utilised by means of a three-shell body structure, so that the occupant cell is surrounded by sturdy, computationally optimised profiles.

Despite challenging requirements for body rigidity and crash properties, the car’s lightweight index – a measure of the efficiency of weight utilisation – was improved by 34 per cent compared to the Lupo.  At launch, the up! also set standards in its class with its static torsional rigidity of 19,800 Nm/degree which is important as high torsional rigidity has a definite positive effect on comfort and handling properties.  In parallel, the dynamic rigidity of the up! is also excellent at 49 Hz – and this benefits acoustics, vibration and driving comfort.  In its smallest model, Volkswagen has clearly not compromised on safety, quality or comfort.

Interior design

One only has to sit inside the up! for a short time to realise that use of space is exceptionally good, and this is because of its wheelbase – one of the longest in the segment – together with a compact engine mounted well forward and a new running gear design.  Although the up! is a small car, for its driver and three passengers it is by no means cramped.

The newly developed modular seats – which serve as the basis for a wide range of seat variants for specific up! versions – offer very good driving comfort.  The front seats of the up! are 15 per cent lighter than those of comparable concepts.  The head restraints for the driver and front passenger are firmly attached to the seats, meaning that, regardless of a person’s stature, they always fit properly.  In the rear, fixed head restraints are less desirable, because they could restrict rear visibility.

The up! team placed great emphasis on good ergonomics.  The up! really is perceptibly more comfortable, because its occupants do not sit too low, and it offers ample leg support and knee room.  Detailed refinements characterise the entire interior.  Compared to the Lupo, for example, Volkswagen enigneers positioned the steering column and steering wheel higher, but we designed the angle to the driver to be somewhat more horizontal.  This has clearly improved the car’s ergonomics.

The car’s interior dimensions support these assertions; headroom in front is an impressive 993 mm, and 947 mm in the rear.  The seats are positioned at a good height both front and back; for the driver and front passenger, the so-called H-point – the vertex where the seat and seatback meet – is at a height of 306 mm; in the rear the H-point is at 378 mm.  This somewhat higher seating position for rear passengers affords them a better view over the shoulders of the driver and front passenger.

The up! is also practical, with numerous storage compartments and a high level of attention to detail in its interior design.  Along with a large storage bin in the centre console and the glovebox, there are storage surfaces and bottle holders (up to 1.0 litre bottles) in the two doors, three cupholders in the rear (three-door model) and two bag hooks plus a variable cargo floor in the boot (from Move up!).  The glove compartment is equipped with a holder for pens and pencils, a notepad and coins; there is also a compartment for glasses; and the coat hook was integrated in the B-pillar in such a way that it is visible through the window from outside, and so it can be easily found.

There are three central elements to the instruments and user interfaces: the instrument cluster in front of the driver; the switch module in the middle of the vehicle with radio-CD and heater / air conditioning controls; and the detachable Maps & More infotainment and navigation unit (optional on Take up! and Move up!, standard on High up!).

The instrument cluster consists of one or three (from Move up!) analogue instruments and one digital display.  In the Move up! and High up!, for example, the largest of the three round analogue instruments is the speedometer in the centre with the integrated digital multifunction display that is an optional feature.  The multifunction display also shows information relating to City Emergency Braking and the Stop/Start system.  To the left of the speedometer there is the tachometer, and to its right the fuel gauge.

Controls for the ventilation or air conditioning system, radio-CD system, hazard indicator lights, seat heating and rear window defrost, as well as the switch for deactivating the Stop/Start system, are all located in the central dashboard module between the driver and front passenger.  The entire unit is located up high – so that it is easy to see and use – and it is painted in gloss black.  It’s interesting to note that every up! is fitted with its ‘own’ individual wiring harness with its electrical system pre-configured for the features fitted, thereby reducing the cost and weight of installing unnecessary cables.

The interior of the up! is not only designed to be functional, stylish and simple, it is also intended to offer fun and a high level of quality.  Especially high-end is the dash pad, the design panel in front of the driver and front passenger which, depending on the equipment line, is either finished in grained Cornsilk Beige or painted black, or in body colour (High up!).  While the upper section of the dashboard is always anthracite, buyers of the Move up! and High up! can order the lower dashboard section in a Cornsilk Beige, in which case the centre console, door inserts and side trim panels are also finished in this colour.

At 251 litres, the boot sets a best-in-class value for cargo capacity; and when the seatback of the rear bench is completely folded down, the up! can handle 951 litres of cargo and on a nearly flat cargo surface.  The boot itself is upholstered with carpet, and so is the cargo area cover, which opens wide and can be quickly removed if necessary.  A variable cargo floor that can be adjusted to two different levels is standard from the Move up!.  When the rear bench seat is folded down, the upper cargo floor position creates a nearly level cargo surface, and small objects can also be stowed beneath the cargo floor in this position.  The lower cargo floor position is used if especially large and bulky objects need to be stowed in the boot.

ENGINES

Making its debut in the up! was a new generation of one-litre three-cylinder, 12-valve petrol engines, known internally as EA211.  Although the 82 mm cylinder spacing is shared with Volkswagen’s popular EA111 engine series, these are completely new engine designs.  These 999 cm3 engines are available with power outputs of 60 and 75 PS and fulfil the Euro 5 emissions standard.  A BlueMotion Technology version, with features such as a Stop/Start system, battery regeneration, low-friction ancillary engine component drives and tyres optimised for low rolling resistance, is also offered with both power outputs, producing lower fuel consumption and emissions values.  All engines are available with a standard five-speed manual gearbox; in October 2012, a new five-speed automated manual transmission joined the range.  (An EcoFuel version of the engine which is powered by compact natural gas is on sale in mainland Europe but is not available in the UK.)

The petrol engines which power the up! are all produced from aluminium, are as compact as they are lightweight, and were systematically designed to minimise internal friction.  The two overhead camshafts are driven by toothed belts; the intake camshaft is variable which further reduces emissions and fuel consumption and improves the power curve in the lower rev range.  The valves are activated by cam followers, again with very low friction.  The engine’s dual-circuit cooling system and integrated water-cooled exhaust manifold ensure short engine warm-up times, resulting in optimal engine temperatures for quick starts.  Each cylinder is equipped with a separate ignition coil.

All of the internal combustion engines in the up! have bore / stroke dimensions of 74.5 / 76.4 mm.  The compression ratio of the petrol engines is 10.5:1, and engine control is performed by a Bosch Motronic unit, type ME 17.5.20.

The three-cylinder engines of the up! each have an aluminium crankcase that is die-cast in ‘open deck’ construction.  To reduce weight here, most of the mounting points for ancillary components are located directly on the crankcase, eliminating the need for an otherwise usual ancillary drive bracket.  The grey cast iron cylinder liners enable reliable engine operation with all types of petrol.

In laying out the crankshaft drive, engineers were able to reduce further moving mass compared to the company’s other three-cylinder engines, thereby minimising friction in the system.  The downward-guided connecting rods and the pistons are weight-optimised to such an extent that the balancer shafts that are otherwise usual in three-cylinder engines could be eliminated – while maintaining the same comfort levels.  Engine weight and drive friction – and therefore fuel consumption – were further reduced by the small main and connecting rod bearings.  Six crankshaft counterweights are used to reduce internal forces and therefore the load on the main bearing.  This also enhances the durability of the engine for exceptionally long life.

The cylinder head of the up! with four valves per cylinder is cast from an aluminium alloy.  The valves suspended at the tops of the combustion chambers are laid out at angles of 21 degrees (intake) and 22.4 degrees (exhaust), and as noted they are activated by cam followers.  The valve stems have a diameter of 5 mm.  The cylinder head has an integrated exhaust manifold, because, as mentioned previously, the engines reach their optimal operating temperature faster with this technical layout.  The engine coolant is heated faster during the cold start phase, because the exhaust channels within the head merge at a central flange.  In normal operation, on the other hand, the exhaust gas stream is cooled more intensively, and the engines can be operated at an optimal fuel-to-air ratio of λ=1.  Once again, the benefits are reduced emission and fuel consumption values.

The topic of weight reduction runs like a common thread throughout the engine area, all the way to the engine’s swivel mounts: the solution implemented in the up! with its rubber-metal elements not only provides for very good isolation of the body from vibrations of the three-cylinder engine; it is also the lightest in the competitive field. 

Other examples of damping and weight-optimisation include engineering sufficient installation space in the area of the engine bulkhead for the usual, relatively expensive firewall insulation, but instead of the usual moulded part, a more economical and very lightweight stamped part is used.  Good sound insulation of the interior is enabled by special tuning of structural damping as it interacts with other acoustic elements.  The up! development team also focused on systematic sealing of the body to minimise entry of undesirable noises into the passenger compartment, and this also reduced the need for sound-absorbing materials.

1.0-litre, 999 cc, 12-valve 3-cyl, 60 PS

From its small 999 cc capacity, the entry-level up! develops peak power of 60 PS at 5,000 to 6,000 rpm, and maximum torque of 95 Nm (70 lbs ft) from 3,000 to 4,300 rpm.  Ninety per cent of maximum torque is reached between 2,000 and 6,000 rpm, ensuring agile performance.  Standstill to 62 mph takes 14.4 seconds and top speed is 99 mph.  This engine returns a combined 62.8 mpg while emitting 105 g/km of carbon dioxide.

The 60 PS version is also available in Move up! and High up! trims with BlueMotion Technology modifications.  The addition of features including Stop/Start and battery regeneration systems as well as low rolling resistance tyres (see following page for more details) and low-friction ancillary engine component drives means an improvement in fuel economy of nearly 10 per cent.  This engine has an official combined fuel consumption value of 68.9 mpg and CO2 emissions of 95 g/km.  Top speed is also enhanced a fraction to 100 mph.

With a 35 litre fuel tank, this means the BlueMotion Technology version of the up! has a theoretical range of 530 miles.

1.0-litre, 999 cc, 12-valve 3-cyl, 75 PS

The highest powered up! produces 75 PS at 6,200 rpm and, like the 60 PS version, 95 Nm (70 lbs ft) of torque from 3,000 to 4,300 rpm.  The sprint from zero to 62 mph takes just over a second less at 13.2 seconds, with a top speed of 106 mph.

Fuel economy is still frugal with a combined economy of 60.1 mpg and carbon dioxide emissions of 108 g/km.

A BlueMotion Technology version of this higher powered unit is also available.  In this case, combined economy is enhanced considerably to 67.3 mpg and CO2 emissions to below the important 100 g barrier at 98 g/km.

e-up!

The e-up! has a compact AC electric motor which produces 60 kW / 82 PS and 210 Nm of torque; this is linked to the front wheels via a single-speed gearbox.  Power comes from a lithium-ion battery pack which consists of 204 cells, together rated at 374 volts and 18.7 kWh.  This weighs 230 kg and contributes to the e-up!’s overall weight of 1,139 kg (compared to 929-940 kg for the standard car).

BlueMotion Technology

BlueMotion Technology models are a range of vehicles developed by Volkswagen that strike a balance between the highly focused BlueMotion vehicles (in Polo, Golf and Passat ranges) and the conventional products on which they are based.  The range, carrying ‘BlueMotion Technology’ badging, combines efficiency with comfort and equipment to create vehicles that deliver greater economy and produce fewer emissions yet remain practical and stylish as well as conventional to drive, service and maintain.

The breadth of BlueMotion Technology modifications varies from range to range.  In the up! it incorporates low rolling resistance tyres and low-friction ancillary engine component drives, as well as Stop/Start and battery regeneration systems.

The battery regeneration system is designed to help utilise energy that would otherwise be lost during braking.  In deceleration and braking phases, the alternator’s voltage is boosted and used for bulk recharging of the car’s battery.  Thanks to alternator control, it is possible to lower alternator voltage, for example during deceleration or driving at constant speed.  It is even possible to switch off the alternator entirely which reduces engine load and improves fuel consumption.

In addition, BlueMotion Technology models have an additional battery data module (to acquire momentary charge status), a heavy-duty starter, a DC/DC converter (guarantees voltage stability of the onboard electrical system) and a battery with excellent deep cycle performance.

The automatic Stop/Start system in the up! is operated through the clutch pedal.  When coming to a halt at traffic lights, for example, the driver depresses the clutch and selects neutral.  When the clutch is released, the engine shuts down and a ‘Start/Stop’ symbol illuminates on the multifunction display.  In order to move away, the driver simply depresses the clutch once again to select first gear and the engine restarts automatically.  The system can be deactivated through a switch, if necessary.  The Stop/Start system reduces fuel consumption by up to six per cent in city driving.

RUNNING GEAR

The up! is front engined and front-wheel drive, and uses a running gear which was designed from scratch for the up!.  Its very short overhangs on the front and rear axles as well as a long wheelbase and stiff body structure form the basis for good vehicle dynamics and chassis set-up.

At the front is a strut-type suspension with wishbones.  A key component here is the subframe to which the single-shell transverse link is joined and which absorbs forces of the stabiliser that is joined directly to the strut tower, as well as the steering unit and the swivel mount of the engine bearing.  The lightweight but very rigid subframe is produced from a high-strength steel that is only 1.8 mm thick. 

The concept of a torsion beam chassis was chosen for the rear axle, where the semi-independent suspension also exhibits low weight and compact construction.  The up! will also be available with the option of sports suspension which will see the car equipped with stiffer spring-damper tuning and riding 15 mm lower.

Electro-mechanical power steering
Like a number of other Volkswagen models, all versions of the up! are equipped with electro-mechanical power assisted steering which is able to vary the feel of the steering wheel to suit the speed and driving situation: firm and direct when driving hard, effortless at parking speeds. 

In the case of the up!, the parameters are the selected degree of active self-centring to the middle position and steering comfort as well as a feeling of safety.  The important self-centring characteristic, even over the slightest of steering angles, and speed-dependent build-up of steering torque convey a sense of very high precision to the driver.  From lock to lock, there are exactly 2.9 steering wheel turns in the up!.

Braking system
At the front, the up! is equipped with newly developed, ventilated 14-inch disc brakes.  Compared to the brake discs of this size used by the company to date, Volkswagen was able to reduce their weight (per vehicle) by 1.5 kg, thus saving additional fuel.  The reduction in unsprung mass has a positive effect on driving comfort as well.

At the rear, Volkswagen implements a drum brake derived from that on the Polo, which ideally fits the power range and weight of the up!.  A nine-inch brake servo unit optimises braking power.  One innovative aspect of the system is that the power range of the brakes is subdivided into two ‘maps’.  In the comfort braking range, the focus is on good force metering ability.  But if more powerful braking is required, the second map is activated with a higher servo boost factor which significantly reduces the pedal force required during hard braking.

All up! models are equipped with ABS, while all except the entry-level model also benefit from Volkswagen’s ESC electronic stabilisation programme.

City Emergency Braking

A technical highlight on the up! – as well as a first in this sector – is the option of City Emergency Braking.  Automatically active at speeds below 19 mph, it uses a laser sensor (integrated in the upper area of the windscreen) to scan a space 10 metres in front of the up! and detect the risk of an imminent collision.  If such a collision with a moving or stationary object is imminent without any reaction by the driver, then the brake system is pre-conditioned, and in a second stage the hydraulic brake assistant is switched to a more sensitive mode. 

Depending on the situation, City Emergency Braking might then initiate, as a third stage, automatic hard braking to a stop, or alternatively support the driver with full braking power if current braking force is insufficient.  When maximum risk of collision exists, the up! is braked with a deceleration of 10 m/s2.  Depending on the vehicle’s speed and the driving situation, City Emergency Braking can reduce accident severity by automatic brake interventions – and possibly even avoid a crash.  Nonetheless, the driver still assumes responsibility for the braking process.

If it is deemed necessary, the driver can deactivate the intervention by City Emergency Braking at any time by pressing the accelerator pedal, steering or activating the clutch pedal.  In addition, City Emergency Braking can be shut off entirely by pressing a button in the lower part of the centre console (e.g. for towing or on a dynamometer test stand).  In this case, a related symbol appears in the instrument cluster with the word ‘OFF’ for five seconds to indicate the deactivation; in addition, the indication appears whenever the relevant vehicle speed range of three to 19 mph is reached. 

If City Emergency Braking is defective, the symbol flashes slowly and continually.  When City Emergency Braking is triggered, the symbol intermittently flashes briefly and at a quick interval. 

EQUIPMENT AND TRIM

The up! is available in three core trim levels: Take up!, Move up! and High up!.  In addition, three special edition models are currently available based on the High up! – called the Club up!, Street up! and Rock up!.  Specification highlights for these models are listed below; for full details please see the price list.

Take up! 1.0-litre 60 PS

This model has the following standard features:  

  • ABS anti-lock brakes with Hydraulic Brake Assist
  • driver and front passenger airbags, plus front side head/thorax airbags
  • electronic engine immobiliser
  • front integrated head restraints
  • two rear three-point seatbelts and height-adjustable head restraints
  • warning buzzer for front and rear seats if belt unfastened
  • height adjustable steering wheel
  • internally adjustable door mirrors
  • speed-sensitive power-assisted steering
  • RCD 215 radio/MP3 compatible CD player with two speakers and AUX-in socket for
  • connection to an external media source, eg iPod
  • two rear seats with one-piece folding backrest
  • tyre mobility set and tool kit
  • 12V socket in centre console
  • 5J x 14 steel wheels with 165/70 R14 tyres

Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS

In addition to the features on the Take up! model, the Move up! gains the following:

  • body-coloured door mirrors and handles
  • manual air conditioning
  • driver’s seat height adjustment
  • easy entry sliding seats for easy access to rear seats
  • front electric windows
  • remote central locking
  • split folding rear seat backrest (60:40)
  • variable boot floor

Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS BlueMotion Technology

This model adds:

  • battery regeneration and Stop/Start function
  • 5J x 14 steel wheels with 175/65 R14 low rolling resistance tyres

 

Look up! 1.0-litre 60PS

In addition to the features on the Move up! model, the Look up! gains:

  • 4 x 5½J x 15" ‘Fortaleza’ with 185/55 R15 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • ‘Pure White’, ‘Tornado Red’ or ‘Saturn Yellow’ non-metallic paint
  • Black coloured decals on the door panels
  • ‘Gloss Black’ door mirrors
  • ‘Chess’ cloth upholstery

 

High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

In addition or different to the standard Move up!, this gains:

  • chrome trim and optional body-coloured dashboard panels (certain colour combinations only)
  • leather trimmed three spoke steering wheel, gear knob and handbrake grip
  • electrically heated and adjustable door mirrors
  • front fog lights
  • heated front seats
  • Maps & More system
  • 5½J x 15 ‘Spoke’ alloy wheels with 185/55 R15 tyres and anti-theft bolts

High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS BlueMotion Technology

This model adds:

  • battery regeneration
  • Stop/Start function

Club up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

The special edition Club up! gains the following features over the standard High up!:

  • ‘Triangle’ 16-inch alloy wheels with 185/50 R16 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • ‘Blueberry’ metallic or ‘Deep Black’ pearl effect paint
  • ‘Club’ decals on the door panels
  • Heat insulating rear tinted glass 65% light absorbing from B pillar backwards
  • Silver painted door mirrors
  • Unique ‘Club’ logo on side
  • Black rooflining
  • ‘Blueberry’ or ‘Black Pearl’ upper dashboard
  • Carpet mats, front and rear with carbon border and ‘Orbit Blue’ stitching
  • Unique ‘up!’ door sill protectors
  • Upholstery – ‘Tartan Tonic’ cloth

 

Street up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

The special edition Street up! gains the following features over the High up!:

  • ‘Upsilon’ 16-inch alloy wheels with 185/50 R16 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • Front fog lights with chrome trimmed surround
  • Heat insulating rear tinted glass 65% light absorbing from B pillar backwards
  • ‘Pure White’ non-metallic, ‘Reflex Silver’metallic or ‘Deep Black’ pearl effect paint
  • Silver painted door mirrors
  • ‘Street’ decals on the bonnet, roof and door panels
  • Unique ‘Street’ logo on side
  • Black rooflining
  • Carpet mats, front and rear with yellow stitching
  • Dashboard in exterior body colour
  • Unique ‘up!’ door sill protectors
  • Upholstery – ‘Street’ cloth
  • Yellow stitching on leather trimmed three-spoke steering wheel with ‘up!’ logo insert, gear knob and handbrake grip

Rock up! 1.0-litre 75 PS

The special edition Rock up! gains the following features over the High up!:

  •  ‘Upsilon’ 16-inch alloy wheels with 185/50 R16 tyres and anti-theft wheel bolts
  • ‘Anthracite’ decal stripe on bonnet, roof and rear tailgate
  • ‘Gloss Black’ door mirrors
  • Rear diffuser in ‘Gloss Black’
  • ‘Rock up!’ styling pack – uniquely shaped front and rear spoilers, side skirts and rear
  • roof spoiler in ‘Gloss Black’
  • Unique ‘rock up!’ logo on side

TECHNICAL HIGHLIGHTS AND FACTORY-FIT OPTIONS

A number of factory- and retailer-fit options are available for the up! which are largely grouped together in packs to simplify the purchase process.  Another important option – which is standard on High up! and the special editions is Maps & More.  For full details of availability, please see the latest price list.

  • Sensor pack: parking sensors, cruise control, multifunction computer
  • Driver’s assistance pack: City Emergency Braking (see Running Gear section for details), ESC (on Take up! only (standard on all others)), passenger airbag deactivation switch
  • Comfort pack: remote central locking, electric front windows, height adjustable driver’s seat (on Take up! only)
  • Winter pack: front fog lights, heated front seats, electrically heated and adjustable door mirrors
  • Sports pack: 16-inch alloy wheels, sports suspension and tinted glass from the B-pillar backwards 
  • Sound pack: four additional speakers (two front, two rear)
  • Leather -look pack: leather-look seats, leather-covered steering wheel, gear lever and handbrake, plus carpet mats

Maps & More

Completely new for the up!, is Maps & More, a portable multi-functional infotainment system which includes a navigation system, hands-free telephone unit, vehicle information displays and a media player.  Maps & More attaches to a high quality, sturdy bracket above the centre console, which allows it to ‘talk to’ the car’s electronics network. 

Maps & More offers the most systematic form of integration of portable devices being launched on the market today.  And it is also available at a competitive price, which is why it was chosen for the up!.  Designed in conjunction with Navigon – one of the world’s leading suppliers of portable navigation systems – it is not only simple and easy to use but also easy to update with a straightforward software upload.

Available at a low cost (£275) on the Take up! and Move up! (standard on High up) Maps & More works in conjunction with the standard RCD 215 radio-CD system which then enables playback of MP3 files, spoken navigation instructions and telephone conversations to output via the radio system and the car’s loudspeakers.  The customer then has a complete radio-navigation system with voice control, CD/MP3 player, micro-SD card interface (32 GB) for playing back music and images, hands-free telephone unit, multifunctional trip computer with fuel-saving trainer and other applications with a wide range of functions.

The system’s basic functions are organised into four main menus – Vehicle, Navigation, Media and Telephone – each of which is activated from the five-inch colour touchscreen.

Vehicle

This menu is used to display information on the up! and apps including:

  • Information from the trip computer (driving range, fuel consumption, average fuel consumption, vehicle speed, driving time and distance) with digitally generated analogue gauges for the tachometer, engine temperature and outdoor temperature
  • Door monitoring (a visual representation of open doors, if the up! is equipped with central locking)
  • Visual reversing assist (a supplementary visual display of the optional acoustic-based ParkPilot function (if Sensor Pack is also specified))
  • The Notepad function (input of signature via touchscreen), which can be installed from the Navigon Fresh portal
  • The flashlight/light function Highbeam (the headlights of an up! light up in the display), which is also installed via Navigon Fresh
  • The “ThinkBlue. Trainer”
     

ThinkBlue. Trainer

This trainer is designed to help save fuel and makes it easier for the driver to achieve an eco-friendly and anticipatory style of driving.  It monitors and analyses the use of the accelerator pedal, brakes and gear shifting, and it gives tips to drivers on how they might modify their style of driving to reduce fuel consumption.

In the start menu of the “Think Blue. Trainer”, the three functions “Driving”, “Fuel consumption” and “Shifting” are displayed as circular symbols.  These three symbols let the driver know, very quickly, just how eco-friendly the trip is.  The “Driving” symbol, for example, with its integrated silhouette of the up! inside a circle, indicates by the size of the circle how fuel-efficient the driving style has been – the larger the circle, the less fuel-efficient the driving style over the driven time period. 

The “Fuel consumption” symbol shows the average fuel consumption value since the beginning of the current trip.  When the driver touches one of the three symbols on the screen, the related submenu is opened which shows further specific information.  Under the “Driving” menu, tips on driving behaviour are shown; this information can be used straight away to drive in a more eco-friendly way.  The submenu under “Shifting” provides detailed information on the ideal shift point and how well shift recommendations were implemented over recent minutes.  When the “Fuel consumption” submenu is called, a graphic display shows fuel consumption values over the past 30 minutes.

Another useful function is the ability for Maps & More to seek out, in conjunction with the active navigation mode, the next fuel filling station when the tank is low.

Navigation menu

The main function of this menu is a classic navigation system with voice control and TMC.  But Maps & More also incorporates a number of additional functions:

  • When the up! is parked, the ‘My vehicle’ system automatically records the position of the car, so when returning to the vehicle, Maps & More operates as a mobile navigation system to guide the owner back to the parking location.  This is particularly helpful in unfamiliar cities.
  • The system can locate car parks and around two million points of interest.
  • The system can also accept about 500 navigation destinations as personal favourites and show map details in 3D.
  • Those using the up! as a business car will also benefit from the ‘Trip log’ function.
  • Addresses and routes can be imported via Outlook, and different route profiles may be selected.
  • Those who wish to can display their own motifs as a Maps & More screensaver; in this case, the screen also shows the date, time and outside temperature.
  • The ‘Call for help’ command can be used to call emergency services at the nearest control centre (in this case, the display always shows the car’s current position)

 

Media

The combination of Maps & More and the RCD 215 offers a number of options for playing music over the loudspeakers of the up!: the radio, a micro-SD card reader (for cards up to 32 GB) or the CD/MP3 player of the RCD 215.  Photos and videos can also be displayed from an SD card.  Those using an iPod or iPhone can also play back music through the system via Bluetooth.  Additional functions include:

  • In addition to the station name, Maps & More can display the station’s logo (the latest station listing can be downloaded at any time via Navigon Fresh).
  • Just as on many MP3 players, it is also possible to display the album cover of the song currently being played from the SD card.
  • Photos can be presented as a slideshow via Maps & More.
  • Both radio and sound settings can be adjusted quickly and intuitively from the touchscreen under the ‘Media’ menu.

 

Telephone

When used with suitable Bluetooth enabled telephones, Maps & More offers a range of functions equivalent to those of a hands-free unit.  After interfacing with the telephone, the touchscreen displays a keyboard, the entire contacts book of the interfaced device and a directory of recent calls.  The telephone can also be operated by voice control.

SAFETY AND SECURITY

Earlier sections of this press pack have already explained how safety is engineered into the up!.  Its class-leading torsional rigidity and extremely strong body structure ensure it is a safe place to be, while active safety features including ABS, ESP, City Emergency Braking and integrated head restraints complete the package.

In the event of a frontal collision, an Early Crash Sensor – integrated directly behind the front bumper – pre-activates restraint systems in advance of the actual impact.  What happens then is a case for high-speed cameras: within just a few milliseconds, the belt tensioners tighten the fastened seatbelts to involve the driver and front passenger in the vehicle’s deceleration as early as possible.  Belt force limiters reduce chest loads while front airbags restrain movement of the upper body.  The crash-active steering column makes an additional contribution towards safety, further reducing the risk of injury to the driver.  In case of a side impact, the standard head-thorax airbags contribute to protecting the head and upper body of the driver and front passenger.

Child seats in the up! are a safe place for children in the rear seating area thanks to ISOFIX fixtures and top-tether fittings; this system securely fastens the child seats to the car.  With older children, the standard seatbelt status indicator in the multifunction display informs the driver whether rear passengers are correctly strapped in, and there is an acoustic ‘fasten seatbelts’ reminder for the front seats.

It’s important to note, though, that in this Volkswagen not only are the passengers themselves optimally protected, but so too are other traffic participants, with a high emphasis placed on pedestrian protection.  The up! scores well here with such features as its new, compact three-cylinder engines, directly screw-mounted ancillary engine components and very compact gearboxes.  Thanks to the suspended layout of the gearbox mounts next to the side members, it was possible to mount the battery in a very low location – and this low mounting point is essential for good pedestrian protection.  Overall, the deformation space between the bonnet and engine block helps to minimise the risk of injury to pedestrians.  The hinges of the bonnet were also further optimised for this purpose.

 

Euro NCAP test results

Under evaluation by Euro NCAP (European New Car Assessment Programme) the overall packages of occupant, child and pedestrian protection and the safety assistance systems installed in the up! earned the new car a top five star rating.  In addition, the up! received Euro NCAP’s Advanced Award for the car’s innovative City Emergency Braking function, positioning the car ahead of its direct competitors, because no vehicle in its class had at the time earned five stars and the Advanced Award before. 

In occupant protection, the up! attained top results in all seat positions and regardless of the sizes of the driver and front passenger.  Factored into the rating were results of frontal and side impact tests, a pole side impact test and what is known as a whiplash test – which determines loads to the cervical spine of the neck.  The up! also achieved excellent child protection results with dummies representing 18 month and three-year old children.

The up! also attained impressive results in the area of safety equipment.  Here, Euro NCAP rated the seatbelt reminders for all seats and use of a vehicle dynamic control system (ESP) as especially positive. 

After the Golf, Golf Cabriolet, Jetta, Passat, Polo, Scirocco, Sharan and Tiguan, the up! and Beetle were the ninth and tenth vehicles from Volkswagen to earn a top ‘Five Star’ rating from Euro NCAP. 

Line-up with insurance groups

Thanks to its extensive security and safety features, the up! has secured the following insurance group ratings from the ABI (Association of British Insurers).  Group 1 is the lowest (best) possible rating, while the ‘E’ denotes that the vehicle exceeded the Thatcham (ABI) requirements.

 

Take up! 1.0-litre 60 PS                 1E

Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS                1E
Move up! 1.0-litre 60 PS BMT*       1E

Look up! 1.0-litre 60 PS                 2E

High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                 2E
High up! 1.0-litre 75 PS BMT*         2E

Club up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                 5E

Street up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                5E
Rock up! 1.0-litre 75 PS                 4E

 

(*BlueMotion Technology)

WARRANTIES

The up! has a three year, 60,000 mile warranty (first and second year with unlimited mileage manufacturer operated, third year retailer operated) mechanical warranty.  In addition, it comes with a class-leading 12 year body protection guarantee, three year paint warranty and a year’s membership of Volkswagen Roadside Assistance which provides vehicle home and roadside recovery in the unlikely event of a breakdown in the UK or Europe.  Further and extended warranty and assistance cover can also be purchased if required.

 

COMMENTS

The up! by its designers and members of the Board of Management

?THE BIG IDEA

Walter de Silva, Head of Design of Volkswagen AG:

The up! embodies a culture in which stature is not simply measured in terms of physical dimensions or power.  The stature of the up! lies in its character: sustainability and authenticity, combined with a very appealing design.

The up! opens up a future for mobility.  Constraints for individual transportation will not become easier. How we handle our natural resources and act responsibly towards our environment will require rethinking by car makers and end users.  Our task here is to offer customers visually attractive options that satisfy these constraints.  The up! is the essence of these ideas. It is a youthful, appealing, sustainable and straightforward car!

?THE DESIGN

Klaus Bischoff, Head of Design of the Volkswagen Brand:

My favourite part of the up! is its front end, its face.  It is unmistakably a genuine Volkswagen, yet it has a very independent personality.  More than any other models, the up! reveals a smile.  The up! is simply appealing and its appeal is simple!

Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg, Member of the BOM, Volkswagen Brand, Development:

At a length of 3.54 metres, the up! is one of the smallest four-seat cars.  Yet, its interior is a giant among small cars!  And that is no wonder: one of the longest wheelbases in the segment together with a compact engine mounted far forward and new running gear designs result in exceptionally good space utilisation.

?THE ENVIRONMENT

Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg:

All of the up! engines are new engineering designs.  Compact and lightweight engines with low internal friction and excellent efficiency.  This is especially apparent in the base version with 60 PS and BlueMotion Technology: its combined fuel consumption of 4.1 litres per 100 km says it all.

?THE TECHNOLOGY

Dr. Ulrich Hackenberg:

In the up! we wanted to offer an infotainment solution that is affordable and could easily be upgraded to the latest level by updates and apps.  That is why Volkswagen joined forces with Navigon to develop Maps & More.  The result is a portable system that melds with the car’s onboard electrical and electronics system.  Maps & More significantly differs from many other mobile systems in this way.

(ends)

JB/0716/

Latest press kits

IMAGES